A: What steps has the agency taken over the last year or two to improve the way it measures customer experience—to know what’s working and what’s not—in order to improve performance?
KM: We divide the user experience into two categories: “What's the efficiency with which I provide services?” and “How effective are the interfaces to those services in terms of making it easy to do things?”
One of the things we have done is look at how to measure performance on our service desk more effectively. We’re getting on the order of 2,000 to 2,500 calls per week. We want to make sure our deputies can do their job, not waiting on the phone a long time.
A few measures we keep a careful hold on are call abandonment rate, average wait and first-call resolution rate. We also look at our ticket reduction rate and how fast are we resolving these tier two [and] tier three tickets. Those are all things that are a major pain point for most organizations, [where we’re trying] to improve our performance… and the customer experience when they call in.
On the interface side of things, we are in the process of modernizing our case management system, which takes care of our prisoner tracking, our investigations [and] our security management. We want to make sure that those interfaces are intuitive to our deputy U.S. marshals and to our task force members as they use it.
For example, we're using agile methods. In each scrum, the product owner is a deputy U.S. marshal, or as we call them in the civil service, an “1811 gun toter.” They're in there with that scrum, looking at things as they go through their sprints, seeing the product and giving advice on how it works—and not just on a computer screen. We're pushing mobile as much as we can. As we've done sprints and produced products [or increments of functionality], we demo them to our personnel at headquarters and then take it out into the field for feedback.
One of the things we're doing—and I want to credit ATF who gave us this idea—we’re letting key users use the product and then we videotape and watch them as they use it to see what their reactions are as they go through it [and] to judge, “Okay, is it intuitive? Or is it causing them trouble?”
A: From the end-users’ point of view, can you describe how they might notice how the user experience has improved?
KM: I’ll come back to the service desk. We went from seeing 20-minute waits in the spring of 2015 at the service desk to less than two minutes—and some weeks where it's less than one minute.
It's been interesting to see how that user experience has changed behavior. For instance, we try to provide automated ways for people to recover passwords and they actually find it's faster to call the service desk than to use the automated means.
In general, it's taught us why the managed service approach is the way to go. We want to get the government out of the business of hands-on IT and let our vendors do what they do best… with a properly managed contract.
A: Looking ahead, what additional steps are in the works to continue improving the customer experience, such as user design strategies or adopting new technologies?
KM: One of the projects in alpha stage right now is Project Shield. It allows deputy U.S. marshals from their smartphone to do queries of the FBI's National Crime Information Center to check for warrants and make sure they're current. We've also set it up so they can check state and local warrants.
We had a case in Ohio with a gentleman where the federal warrant had expired, but we discovered he had several local warrants and were able to detain him and turn him over to have those local warrants taken care of.
One thing that becomes more obvious as you go out there is you need to limit the amount of typing that a deputy is doing when they're in the field, especially on a smartphone. We’re trying to bring in technology that can read a driver's license and grab the data off it, to see is the person on the system of record? Does that picture match who I'm looking at in front of me? We’re also looking to bring in biometrics, so you can do a fingerprint read, or maybe a retinal scan, maybe eventually get to facial recognition.
Internally, we’re also implementing a service portal that allows a customer to come in, request hardware, do work trouble tickets and set up new account requests, solely through a service portal interface.
I know that these have been out there for a while, but for the U.S. Marshals, this is new. That portal will be functional on mobile devices, on a computer, and we're going to tie all that into our asset management system, so we're constantly keeping our asset data up to date at the same time we're responding to user requests.
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