In brief

In brief

  • Today, to best retain and grow market share and increase resiliency in the face of stiff competition, semiconductor companies have a few options.
  • Understand how to focus on specific areas of the value chain, forge partnerships with software companies and vertically integrate in high-growth.
  • Learn the background of vertical integration with examples from the industries top chip manufacturers.
  • In this perspective, we explore these trends and suggest key steps semiconductor companies can leverage during the next wave(s) of industry growth.

Integration in the semiconductor industry

The semiconductor industry began when a trio of Bell Labs / AT&T researchers first successfully demonstrated the capabilities of a transistor in 1947. Their findings were published the following year and they would eventually go on to win the Nobel Prize.

Between 1950 and 1980, semiconductor companies became more vertically integrated.

Companies like Texas Instruments, Fairchild, and Motorola designed, fabricated, and packaged their semiconductor chips for consumption largely by systems companies.

By 1970, the industry faced its first wave of deconsolidation, as new entrants like National Semiconductor, Intel, and AMD stole market share from dominant industry players by targeting new applications like minicomputers, microcomputers and eventually, PCs. They did this using new microprocessor technologies.

The development of the fabless/foundry model revolutionized the industry and lessened the need for vertical integration by creating value in specialization.

Strategic options for semiconductor companies

The rapid transformation of end markets has threatening to disrupt the lives of every semiconductor company. Semiconductor companies must now get creative to maintain their growth trajectory or risk becoming commoditized by their customers. They have three competitive plays to capture value as more businesses bring their hardware development in-house.

Semiconductor companies must now get creative to maintain their growth trajectory or risk becoming commoditized by their customers.

Moving forward: what semiconductor companies must consider today

Invest in ecosystem to understand the customer

Semiconductor companies have traditionally been B2B businesses and somewhat abstracted from the end-customer.

Invest in right-skilling engineering workforces

Semiconductor companies need a workforce trained in software engineering, AI, big data techniques in addition to core engineering skills.

Free up capital for reinvestment

Business models are evolving from solely relying on chip sales to providing an variety of products and services that can uncover fresh revenue streams.

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Major trends driving vertical integration

Four trends that have heightened the demand for system integration and have shifted the balance of power in favor of delivering targeted end-customer solutions:

Explosion of data and the dawn of edge

Data storage and processing at the edge required the co-optimization of data center and edge hardware, middleware, and application software.


5G created completely new use cases for consuming data and insights.


The rise in autonomous cars and electric vehicles has been one of the primary drivers for the growth of the semiconductor industry.

Artificial intelligence and machine learning

Led to a surge in demand for highly specialized accelerators.

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About the Authors

Syed Alam

Managing Director – Strategy & Consulting, High Tech Global Lead

Deborah Garand

Managing Director – Strategy and Consulting, High Tech

Timothy Chu

Senior Manager – Accenture Strategy

Arjun Krishnan

Manager – Accenture Strategy

Aishwarya Saluja

Senior Analyst – Strategy and Consulting


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