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Achieving net-zero future with industrial clusters

March 1, 2021


In brief

Industrial emission abatement by the numbers


The industrial sector accounted for 37% of total global final energy use in 2018.


GT CO2 Industrial emissions represent 30% of GHG emissions globally.


Increase in current carbon price from current levels (€24 avg. in 2020) to as high as ~€89 in Europe by 2030 to support zero-carbon investments.


Billion global investments in industrial efficiency, with China and North America accounting for about 47% in 2018.


Industrial emissions can be abated by 2050 via electrification of light industries using commercially available technology.


Billion estimated global hydrogen market value in 2019.

What are industrial clusters?

Net-zero solutions for industrial clusters

1. Systemic efficiency and circularity

Increase circularity via cross-entity waste utilization. Integrate processes to share energy, material streams, and provide cost-effective benefits.

2. Direct electrification and renewable heat

Electrify low-to-medium temperature and pressure processes. Generate low-cost, renewable electricity and heat onsite and pursue shared infrastructure.

3. Carbon capture, utilization and storage

Capture carbon from energy/hydrogen production and use for industrial and manufacturing processes. Carbon can be stored underground where feasible.

4. Hydrogen

Produce low-to-zero-carbon hydrogen from the most economical source. Use as alternative fuel for certain activities and storage/grid balancing.

Opportunities through collaboration

Actions to accelerate net-zero industrial clusters

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