From watchtowers and scouts on horseback to modern-day satellites, the ability to know the enemy has always been an advantage. The same holds true in today’s cyber realm. The only difference now? Our methods for obtaining and leveraging this knowledge.

Now we focus on threat intelligence, indicators of compromise (IoCs), and deploying tools/technologies that help us ‘see’ attackers as quickly as possible. These well-established methods comprise a large percentage of the security vendor booths seen on conference floors, and for good reason. What you know about can be prevented, detected, or, at minimum, contained. But with so much emphasis on looking outward, it’s easy to neglect an equally important area of knowledge: yourself.

An old saying that doesn’t get old

“If you know yourself and know your enemy, you will not be imperiled in a hundred battles.” – Sun Tzu, The Art of War.

It may seem cliché to quote the renowned Chinese general, but did you know that he was repeating an old proverb? For thousands of years, people have been sharing this insight for one simple reason: It’s valuable.

Getting to the right questions

And what of businesses? How does an organization ‘know itself’” in the cybersecurity sense? It would be nice if it were easy, but it’s not. This self-knowledge involves a mature security program with unified and relatively transparent coordination and communication, plus the commitment to consistently challenge the status quo by asking questions like, “What are we missing? How do we prioritize improvement? What are the best investments we can make?”

These reflections are a good start, but they’re also usually ad hoc and tactical rather than built into strategic planning. And that’s assuming an organization’s security leadership team sees the program clearly, objectively and in relation to its peers/sector, which is all difficult.

How to turn your attention inward

Every organization can benefit from an objective, customized examination of its security posture. To that end, Accenture has designed several services that turn attention inward – thus helping organizations raise the questions that will lead to reasonable and realistic recommendations. They include:

  • Cyber Resilience Diagnostics: A passive, lightweight and scripted solution, our Cyber Resilience Diagnostic (CRD) service objectively measures whether an enterprise is ready for the attacks that may come. It assesses cybersecurity maturity, provides input on the efficiency of operations and technology, enhances infrastructure visibility and matures risk awareness to instill increased confidence in controls.
  • Tabletop Exercises: The wrong time to learn about gaps and blind spots in response and communications is during a cybersecurity incident. To that end, Accenture offers a proactive and efficient way to improve any organization’s incident response (IR) decision-making through custom-crafted tabletop exercises (TTXs). A TTX is a scenario composed of multiple data points that change the direction, escalation and complexion of the overall gameplay scenario.

This is different from red teaming and other more technically focused testing because it enables top to bottom testing, from initial alert and investigation to executive business decisions and public relations. It can also provide a specific focus for each exercise (for example, crisis communications). By simultaneously involving stakeholders from different functions and levels , a TTX makes it easier to engage in valuable, real-time discussions.

  • Adversary Simulations: Our Advanced Adversary service combines research and development capabilities with iDefense threat intelligence and cross-industry expertise to simulate relevant threats, evaluate IR capabilities and help security operations teams prepare for worst-case scenarios.
A good look in the mirror

It’s not always fun to have honest discussions about security capabilities and priorities. Often, cybersecurity leadership inherits a mélange of initiatives from previous decisions or has been in ‘firefighting mode’ so long that self-examination/systemic changes have been indefinitely deferred. That’s exactly why asking the right questions — as soon as possible — is critical.

“I was under the impression . . . .”

It never fails: Whether during a TTX or some other assessment, someone from one part of an organization will describe a security control or process and someone else will contradict them, saying, “I was under the impression that . . . .” This kind of misunderstanding seems to happen when people assume how security operates in their environment, which is often large and difficult to manage. Just having people who don’t normally see each other in the same room can start important discussions and help an organization know itself.

For example, I facilitated a TTX at a company that had host-based security on some business-critical servers. During the meeting, when the security team said the system was in ‘alert’ mode for certain threats (due to a policy), the CIO expressed surprise. He’d thought it was in ‘block’ mode. They hadn’t even realized they needed to have this conversation until someone was standing in front of them asking the right questions, and they all agreed to change it to block that day.

It may sound too simple, but it’s true: Knowing yourself is as important as knowing the enemy.

For additional information on our CRD and tabletop services or to reach a member of our incident response consulting practice, please call 888-RISK-411 or email


Accenture Security
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This document is produced by consultants at Accenture as general guidance. It is not intended to provide specific advice on your circumstances. If you require advice or further details on any matters referred to, please contact your Accenture representative. The opinions, statements, and assessments in this article are solely those of the individual author(s) and do not constitute legal advice, nor do they necessarily reflect the views of Accenture, its subsidiaries, or affiliates.

Jakub Pitha

Security Consulting Manager

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