A resurgence is happening in the mining industry. Commodity prices are rebounding, capital expenditures are rising and project restarts are picking up pace. During this upswing, miners need to ask a critical question: Do they have the right talent retention and recruitment strategies to thrive during this period of improving market conditions?
This exciting new growth period, coupled with technology enhancements in intelligent automation and multi-speed IT, is increasing the demand for talent and heightening the risk of supply shortages for many key skills. Not surprisingly, miners are losing bargaining power and employees are demanding market-premium salaries.
The competition for talent will continue to intensify, not only from peer companies, but also from other asset-intensive industries such as construction, oil and gas (extraction), and manufacturing. Globally, there will be employment growth for these competing industries from 2018 to 2022, with a resulting increase in wage rates1—signaling the start of a tight labor market (Figure 1).
In Australia, for instance, Accenture analysis2 shows expected employment growth from 2017 to 2022 of 2.1 percent in the construction sector and 1.3 percent in transportation and warehousing, both of which will impact talent supply dynamics for the mining sector (Figure 2).
Of course, the growth outlook is not always so rosy in mining. The cyclical nature of the industry means that there is frequently a gap between supply and demand for talent. Without an agile staffing management strategy, mining companies will continue to face significant workforce challenges, including the loss of senior and experienced personnel during a downturn, as well as the need to quickly mentor and train younger talent during the next upturn.
This talent shortage is especially apparent right now. Even though there are increasing numbers of millennials graduating with mining-specific skills,3 the opportunities in the industry for these new graduates are scarce, which is forcing them to seek employment in other sectors.
To address this situation, miners must work jointly with academic institutions. One way is to offer internship programs to maintain the numbers throughout the peaks and troughs of the mining economic cycle. These programs are not costly, and they can provide new graduates with a basic level of experience in the field. (Additional recruiting ideas for new and experienced hires are listed in the chart below.)
The survival of the “tech-set”
As miners reinvent themselves through digital technology adoption, they must actively look to attract the workforce of the future—professionals such as data scientists, AI specialists, machine learning engineers and others who can leverage big data and other technological advances. Some of these employees will come from the millennial generation; others will be experienced hires.
These scarce skills will come at a premium that miners must be willing to pay, especially when core mining technical skills are expected to rise due to volume growth. Accenture analysis4 shows that the supply of autonomy technicians in Australia, for instance, is expected to decrease by 26 percent between 2017 and 2025. Other occupations that are expected to experience a supply squeeze over the same period include engineers (-15 percent), geologist/hydrogeologists (-9 percent) and remote operations operators (-5 percent), among others (Figure 3).
Digital disruption is also changing the skills that mining companies will need going forward. For example, they will require fewer truck drivers and more autonomous vehicle technicians in the future. Understanding and predicting the shifting capability and skill requirements is imperative, along with building and implementing the right talent strategies.
Strategies to attract and retain the future workforce
To mitigate these challenges, miners can attract new employees and retain their existing workforce through the following innovative talent strategies and organizational changes:
Now, more than ever, mining companies need to look at their future talent needs and establish workforce and technology strategies to ensure they have a robust, appropriately skilled supply of employees. Both in the near term and in the coming decades, this will be essential to achieve their desired business outcomes and maintain a competitive edge.