- Industrial clusters can play a major role in helping countries achieve their net-zero ambitions.
- Accenture and the World Economic Forum have developed a 4 solution framework to help clusters reduce their emissions.
- This approach could result in a decline of up to 40% of European industrial emissions by 2030.
Countries representing 70% of the global economy have committed to net-zero emissions targets by 2050 – and major energy ecosystems such as industrial clusters will play a pivotal role in helping these countries meet their climate goals.
Industrial clusters are geographic areas encompassing co-located companies that represent either a single industry (chemical parks, for example) or multiple industries (such as steel and cement). Examples of large industrial clusters around the world include the Humber Cluster in the UK, Suzhou Industrial Park in China and the Port of Rotterdam in the Netherlands.
An integrated approach to enable net-zero industrial clusters
Accenture, in collaboration with the World Economic Forum, has developed a framework built around four key solutions to help reduce emissions in industrial clusters:
- Systemic efficiency and circularity
- Direct electrification and renewable heat
- Carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS)
Adopting these solutions could result in a decline of up to 40% of European industrial emissions by 2030 (up to 12% of overall European emissions). The key is approaching this through multi-stakeholder collaboration and in an integrated manner.
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Industrial clusters are a way to reduce emissions, generate new jobs, and deliver vital benefits like better air quality and health.
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1. Systemic efficiency and circularity
Energy efficiency and circularity are common industry themes – but we can push these concepts much further. For example, Meishan, a hub for logistics and high-tech industries in China, has set an ambitious target of carbon neutrality by around 2050. To achieve this and similar targets, multi-stage resource utilization will be a key area of focus. One example could involve recovering the cooling load from a liquified natural gas (LNG) terminal to support a freezer warehouse, and the subsequent recovery of this cooling to support a snow park.
2. Direct electrification and renewable heat
The economics of clean electricity and the need to recover on past asset investments has limited the electrification of industrial processes. However, around half of industrial emissions are derived from light or medium industries such as food processing or equipment manufacturing; these use low and medium-temperature processes that can be electrified using commercially available technology. The attractiveness of electrification is rising due to the falling cost of renewables, higher carbon pricing and shared infrastructure such as microgrids. For example, Suzhou Industrial Park in China has implemented an all-in-one microgrid solution that provides power, cooling and heating as required.
Hydrogen can address emissions in hard-to-abate sectors such as steel and chemicals. Applications include hydrogen as a feedstock for products and in chemical reactions as well as high value uses in certain forms of transport and power storage. Industrial clusters can create an internal market for hydrogen, where production and consumption are co-located. For example, the Spanish electricity company Iberdrola, in partnership with fertilizer manufacturer Fertiberia, will build one of the largest green hydrogen production plants in 2021. Iberdrola will supply solar PV electricity to power an electrolyzer that will provide green hydrogen, which will in turn be used in Fertiberia’s production plant, resulting in significant emissions reductions.
4. Carbon capture, utilization and storage
Major CCUS hubs are emerging across the globe, providing alternatives for industries struggling to reduce their CO2 emissions. However, given the sizeable investments in transport and storage required to implement CCUS, such projects require a certain amount of scale to be feasible. Industrial clusters can provide this scale given the concentration of heavy industry and therefore the aggregation of demand. For example, the UK expects to capture and store up to 10 million tonnes of CO2 by 2030 via projects such as those at the Humber industrial cluster in the North of England, where an onshore pipeline is being developed to collect captured CO2 from multiple carbon abatement projects in the region. The captured CO2 will then be transported offshore and stored under the seabed of the North Sea.
An integrated approach to industrial clusters
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Companies in industrial clusters already have a long history of collaboration when it comes to sharing resources, challenges and solutions. But there is a new driving force for co-location: net-zero commitments at the national level.
The opportunity to reduce emissions in industrial clusters is significant. The time to act is now. New partnerships, combined with new approaches to policy, financing and scaling of technologies will be key to accelerating the transition to a net-zero economy. These partnerships and approaches will be built on the pillars of greater multi-stakeholder collaboration and greater trust.
What are the next steps? Companies in new and existing industrial clusters will need to come together and align on common net-zero goals, followed by the development and implementation of clear roadmaps that set out how to achieve these targets. Putting in the effort now will help us to ensure a cleaner, greener and more prosperous future.
Accenture and World Economic Forum sponsors
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Senior Managing Director - Accenture Utilities
Head of Shaping the Future of Energy and Materials; Member of the Executive Committee, World Economic Forum
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