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The Global Energy Architecture Performance Index Report 2014 assesses regions and 124 countries according to economic growth, environmental sustainability and energy security performance, analysing the complex trade-offs and dependencies that affect country efforts.
Fundamental transitions across global energy systems are underway, characterized by unprecedented complexity – technology advances and discoveries have opened the doors to a range of energy sources and are changing the way energy is consumed. Markets are increasingly affected by shifts in global demand and supply patterns; all the while energy decisions are being underlined by the urgency of addressing the climate debate. As demand for energy is surging worldwide, the requirement to adopt new approaches and strategies to fundamentally change the energy architecture is a top global priority. The importance of securing a sustainable future is clear.
The EAPI employs a set of indicators to assess and rank the energy architectures of 124 countries. The indicators highlight the performance of each country across the key dimensions of the energy triangle, measuring the extent to which a country’s energy architecture adds or detracts from the economy; the environmental impact of energy supply and consumption; and how secure, accessible and diversified the energy supply is.
The EAPI tool was developed in collaboration with a group of energy experts from across the value chain. The Expert Panel has provided input and guidance into the methodology of the index. The tool presented in this report builds on the first edition of the index, published in the Global Energy Architecture Performance Report 2013. Following the publication of the first edition, relevant feedback and areas for improvement were identified and the methodology updated to reflect them.
Norway tops the Index rankings, followed by France and Sweden. The top ten performing countries include Costa Rica, Colombia and New Zealand. 41% of energy supply in the top ten countries comes from renewable and alternative energy sources, compared to a global average of 28%.
Although these countries share the highest performances globally, the top 10 shows that there is no single transitionpathway. Each country’s performance is shaped by its specific natural resource endowment, boundary constraints and political decisions.
European Union and Nordic countries top the rankings, underscoring the ability of service sector economies to prioritize investment in the development of low-carbon economies and address climate change through renewables and energy efficiency. The drive for sustainability has meant some trade-offs in energy affordability – underpinning the policy debate in Europe as utilities and consumers struggle with pricing and an uncertain policy landscape.
Performance across North America shows contrasting circumstances, from the import and fossil fuel dependence of the Caribbean nations, to the resource wealth of Canada, the United States and Mexico. Costa Rica shows remarkable results. As one of only two upper middle-income countries to rank within the top 10, government strategy driving the transformation of its energy system aims to make Costa Rica the world's first carbon-neutral country, with 99% of electricity output from renewable energy sources.
The Report finds that many developing countries still struggle to supply citizens with basic energy needs, providing electricity to less than 50% of their total population. It also highlights the over-dependence of many energy systems, with 32% of countries dependent on imports to meet more than half of their energy needs.
The World Economic Forum released the Global Energy Architecture Performance Index Report 2014 prepared in collaboration with Accenture.
December 11, 2013
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